The French universities have harmonised the qualifications they award with those of other European countries by adopting the LMD (Licence Master Doctorat or Bachelor’s / Master’s / Doctorate) system.
Each level is now attained by acquiring ECTS credits and by validating a certain number of years of study:
- Bachelor’s degree: 6 semesters = 180 ECTS (Baccalaureate + 3 years)
- Master’s degree: 4 additional semesters = 120 ECTS (Baccalaureate + 5 years = 300 ECTS)
- Doctorate: 16 semesters (Baccalaureate + 8 years)